Recent research suggests that ignoring sex-specific risk factors of heart disease has resulted in women having a higher risk of dying from heart failure than men.
A review published in Nature Medicine reveals an alarming failure to successfully treat cardiometabolic disorders, such as diabetes, heart disease, and stroke, in women.
The authors urge health services to consider the biological differences between men and women when treating heart disease.
The review, by Prof. Eva Gerdts, of the University of Bergen, in Norway, and Prof. Vera Regitz-Zagrosek,of the Charit Universittsmedizin Berlin, in Germany, compares the common risk factors for both sexes.
"Men and women have different biologies, and this results in different types of the same heart diseases. It is about time to recognize these differences."
Prof. Eva Gerdts
The authors summarize the results of over 18 major studies that have explored the causal factors of heart disease in each sex.
The overwhelming finding was that women are more at risk of receiving the wrong treatment because health service professionals fail to spot symptoms or risk factors that are unique to women.
Recent research has substantiated fears that the global rise in cardiometabolic disorders is linked to obesity. Meanwhile, fresh evidence suggests that obesity and associated damage to the heart occur differently in men and women.
Global figures show that obesity in women is on the rise, and as Prof. Gerdts' review explains, women store fat differently from men. The mechanisms behind this process combine to create an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
"If we see this from a life span perspective, we can see that obesity increases with age and that this trend is greater for women than men. Obesity increases the risk of having high blood pressure by a factor of three. This, in turn, increases the risk of heart disease," explains Prof. Gerdts.
The hormone estrogen works to impede metabolic syndrome by preventing connective tissue from forming in the heart. This also helps keep blood pressure stable.
But the decrease in estrogen that occurs during menopause can increase the risk of arterial stiffening and subsequent disease.
This helps explain an increase in hypertension among women over 60. In men, meanwhile, hypertension is more common before the age of 60.
Socioeconomic status and lifestyle factors also play a role in cardiovascular risk discrepancies.
The researchers highlight the fact that, around the world, women are more likely to experience low levels of education, low income, and joblessness, and that studies have associated each of these factors with diabetes and depression two major contributing factors for heart disease.
Meanwhile, the adverse effects of unhealthful habits, such as smoking which is on the rise in women multiply as we age. This can lead to high blood pressure, which can cause heart failure if a person does not receive treatment.
"For women, the effects of risk factors such as smoking, obesity, and high blood pressure increase after menopause," says Prof. Gerdts.
Prof. Gerdts hopes to incite action among the medical community; she calls for healthcare providers to place more emphasis on sex differences when treating cardiometabolic disorders.
"Heart disease remains among the most common cause of death and reduced quality of life in women. Medically speaking, we still do not know what the best treatment for heart attack or [heart] failure is in many women. It is an unacceptable situation."
Prof. Eva Gerdts
The present study highlights an imbalance in available research, in an effort to pave the way for further work.
The outlook is promising if we consider that cardiac arrest which is more common in men is now treatable and preventable. If the same resources and research were applied to the factors that put women at risk of heart failure, perhaps similarly effective interventions could be developed in the near future.
In the meantime, it is important for healthcare providers to help women in high-risk groups lower their blood pressure, reduce the risk or effects of obesity, and put quitting smoking at the top of their list of 2020 goals, if necessary.
Go here to read the rest:
Heart health: Are women getting incorrect treatment? - Medical News Today
- Isotope Tool to Help Fight Childhood Obesity Now in Use in Southern and Eastern Europe - International Atomic Energy Agency - February 19th, 2020
- Lifestyle Intervention via Smartphone App Effective for Pregnant Women With Obesity - Endocrinology Advisor - February 19th, 2020
- This couple lost hundreds of pounds with the help of an obesity medicine specialist - WFAA.com - February 19th, 2020
- In soda tax fight, experts hear echoes of tobacco battles - Harvard Gazette - February 19th, 2020
- What Is The Relation Between Obesity And Depression? Know How To Reduce Your Risk - NDTV News - February 19th, 2020
- Poultry meat not cause of obesity - The News International - February 19th, 2020
- Scientists think food textures may help solve obesity problems - Quartz - February 15th, 2020
- YouTube influencer mobbed for speaking the truth about morbid obesity - The Post Millennial - February 15th, 2020
- Divorced, separated or widowed men are at highest risk of heart attack - The Standard - February 15th, 2020
- Obesity Treatment Expected to Expand at a Steady CAGR through 2016 2024 - Redhill Local Councillors - February 15th, 2020
- Costs of Obesity in Workplace Highest for Government Workers - Claims Journal - February 15th, 2020
- Study says combining strength training and aerobics more beneficial than doing only one or the other - MinnPost - February 15th, 2020
- Targeting the 'clock gene' in obesity to slow triple-negative breast cancer - FierceBiotech - February 15th, 2020
- 5@5: Half of US adults to be obese by 2030 | Kind Snacks expands - New Hope Network - February 15th, 2020
- Obesity As A Disability In The Ninth Circuit - Mondaq News Alerts - February 15th, 2020
- How ultra-processed food took over your shopping basket - The Guardian - February 15th, 2020
- Dont eat after 6pm it increases your risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes - The Sun - February 15th, 2020
- Divorced men are prone to obesity and hypertension - Standard Digital - February 15th, 2020
- Excess weight alters results of blood tests in kids and teens - Science News for Students - February 15th, 2020
- World Bank report: 66 pct of Moroccan women are obese, figures for other countries revealed - Devdiscourse - February 15th, 2020
- Unilever will stop advertising ice cream to kids over obesity concerns - CNBC - February 13th, 2020
- Study Finds Leading Cause Of Childhood Obesity Witches Fattening Up Children To Be Eaten - The Onion - February 13th, 2020
- Inflammation And Obesity: Can Marijuana Help Break The Cycle? - Benzinga - February 13th, 2020
- Combining Aerobics and Weights Tied to Optimal Weight Control - The New York Times - February 13th, 2020
- Morbid Obesity Protective Against Mortality During Anticoagulation Therapy in VTE - Endocrinology Advisor - February 13th, 2020
- Obesity May Up Odds of Anti-TNF Therapy Failure in Ulcerative Colitis - Monthly Prescribing Reference - February 13th, 2020
- Kids of obese women have higher autism rates, Israeli study finds - Haaretz - February 13th, 2020
- Can Cannabis Help Break The Cycle Of Inflammation And Obesity? - Green Entrepreneur - February 13th, 2020
- Daily Mirror incorrectly reports the results of statins and blood pressure drugs study. - Full Fact - February 13th, 2020
- Obesity will increase the danger of those 16 forms of most cancers - Sahiwal Tv - February 13th, 2020
- Girls are starting puberty one year earlier than in 1970s and obesity could be to blame, study finds - The Independent - February 13th, 2020
- Inflammation & Obesity: Can Cannabis Help Break The Cycle? - The Fresh Toast - February 8th, 2020
- Business of Healthcare: Rising Obesity Rates - KWBU - February 8th, 2020
- Choosing Life; Changing the way we see obesity - FirstCoastNews.com WTLV-WJXX - February 8th, 2020
- Drugging the Microbiome To Treat Obesity - Technology Networks - February 8th, 2020
- Letter to the Editor: Bipartisan support shows importance of tackling states obesity issue - The Times - February 8th, 2020
- G-1 compound could be used to fight obesity and diabetes - Drug Target Review - February 8th, 2020
- Eat Fresh and Free Program adds location to its distribution - WJCL News - February 8th, 2020
- Being raised by grandparents may increase risk for childhood obesity | The Source - Washington University in St. Louis Newsroom - February 7th, 2020
- How Data Science Is Being Used To Tackle Childhood Obesity - Forbes - February 7th, 2020
- Weight-loss surgery tied to lowered risk of colorectal cancer - WTVB News - February 7th, 2020
- $3.8M grant to fight childhood obesity in Michigan - WSYM-TV - February 7th, 2020
- The Incidence of Hypertension, Overweight, and Obesity and Relationship With Cardiovascular Events Among Middle-Aged Chinese: 6 Years Follow-Up... - February 7th, 2020
- Dramatic Results for Child Obesity and Wellness - PRNewswire - February 7th, 2020
- More than 30% of teenagers in Costa Rica are overweight or obese: Ministry of Health - The Tico Times - February 7th, 2020
- The Obesity Society Marks American Heart Month in February - The Ritz Herald - February 7th, 2020
- Obesity in the United Kingdom - Wikipedia - February 4th, 2020
- Obesity and Pain Care: Multifaceted Considerations for Treatment - PracticalPainManagement.com - February 4th, 2020
- When it comes to milk you should go full-fat, especially with kids - CNN - February 4th, 2020
- Groundbreaking Book Offers New Program to Halt and Reverse Overeating and Obesity - Press Release - Digital Journal - February 4th, 2020
- Bariatric interventions in obesity treatment and prevention in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. -... - February 4th, 2020
- Endothelial Function in Obese Patients Treated with Bariatric Surgery | DMSO - Dove Medical Press - February 4th, 2020
- New Recommendation to Start Colorectal Cancer Screenings at Age 45 - Healthline - February 4th, 2020
- Weekend eating linked to higher BMI - Medical News Today - February 4th, 2020
- Top 10 least physically active US cities - Fox Business - February 4th, 2020
- 'Sheffield is sweet enough' - Adults and children urged to cut down on sugar in bid to tackle obesity and tooth decay - The Star - February 4th, 2020
- Cardiorespiratory function and VO kinetics after sleeve gastrectomy: a follow-up analysis. - Physician's Weekly - February 4th, 2020
- LETTERS: Junk food and obesity; Jungle conditions persist in industry - Monitor - February 1st, 2020
- 'Extremely obese' owl released back into the wild after being too fat to fly - NBC News - February 1st, 2020
- Obesity, second to smoking as the most preventable cause of US deaths, needs new approaches - The Conversation US - February 1st, 2020
- Patients with severe obesity want treatments that offer access to psychological services - study - Irish Examiner - February 1st, 2020
- Can Caffeine Offset the Effects of a Bad Diet? - Labmate Online - February 1st, 2020
- How healthy is your state? These are the 20 states that rank as the healthiest in the US - USA TODAY - February 1st, 2020
- Neuron Found In Mice Could Have Implications For Effective Diet Drugs - Science Times - February 1st, 2020
- Increased Diabetes Risk Due to Age at Onset of Obesity and Cumulative Exposure - Pharmacy Times - January 30th, 2020
- Gut Microbiome Is Less Diverse in Teens With Obesity and PCOS - Medscape - January 30th, 2020
- Weight Loss Surgery Improves Breathing Issues in Obese Patients - Imaging Technology News - January 30th, 2020
- Effects of Obesity on Skin - Dermatology Advisor - January 30th, 2020
- Weight Training Plus Aerobics Is Best to Ward Off Obesity - Medscape - January 30th, 2020
- Genetics and lifestyle can be obesity risks - Coshocton Tribune - January 30th, 2020
- Surgeon to give talk on obesity, weight loss, bariatric surgery - My Central Jersey - January 30th, 2020
- Can You 'Catch' Cancer or Obesity from Other People? - Science Times - January 30th, 2020
- Lizzo, Body-Shaming, And The Obesity Crisis - Black Enterprise - January 30th, 2020
- Photo Credit: The Wild Animal Sanctuary. Obese, disfigured bear found in concrete enclosure recovering in Colorado - OutThere Colorado - January 30th, 2020
- When this community took on the obesity epidemic, it came up with 400 solutions - ABC News - January 30th, 2020
- Phoenix family helps another obese beagle go on doggie diet - AZFamily - January 30th, 2020
- Obesity becoming leading cause of premature deaths in Pakistan - The News International - January 30th, 2020
- States With the Lowest (and Highest) Cancer Rates - 24/7 Wall St. - January 30th, 2020
- News Oklahoma Ranks in the Top 5 of Most Obese States - Bartlesville Radio - January 21st, 2020
- Scientists host symposium on link between lifestyle and cancer risk - GW Hatchet - January 21st, 2020