While keyboard warriors have long debated whether or not electric bicycles provide a good workout, the science is conclusive: e-bikes can provide just as effective of a workout as pedal bicycles, and sometimes more.
But you dont have to tell Jon Treffert, a medical devices software developer from Knoxville, Tennessee. He already knows it.
Jon had enjoyed cycling as a grad student 30 years ago but gave it up after school. Fast forward three decades later, and Jon was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
Weighing 270 lb (122 kg) at the time, that diagnosis was the wake-up call he needed to change his lifestyle. Along with focusing on a healthier diet, Jon decided to get back into cycling. But hilly Knoxville was a tall order for someone who hadnt cycled in three decades. So Jon opted for an accessible, comfortable e-bike from the company Day6 Bikes and began putting on the miles. As time went on, he began increasing his rides and pushing harder.
As Jon explained to Selene Yeager in Bicycling:
Five months into my journey I reached a milestone of 1,000 miles [1,600 km]. I was riding primarily from home with a typical distance of 30 miles [48 km] and an elevation gain of 2,000 feet [600 m] at a brisker pace of 15.6 mph [25 km/h].
Just over a year into his e-biking journey, Jon had covered over 3,300 miles (5,310 km). But Jon didnt stop there. He kept riding, and now three years later, he is back to his high school weight of 165 lb (75 kg).
Of course Jons e-bike wasnt the only part of his impressive weight loss journey. Rather, it was part of an overall lifestyle shift that included becoming more active and eating healthier.
As Jon explained:
Cycling is so great for your mood, joints, and health. Its such a tonic every time Im out on the road. I want to motivate people by showing them an enjoyable sustainable pathway to change for which the e-bike is a catalyst and remains a key component. If we can replicate my experiment of one, we can, person by person, make a real change in our obesity and diabetes epidemic.
One of the reasons an e-bike was so useful in helping Jon change his lifestyle was because it lowered the barrier of entry.
Electric bicycles still allow the rider to pedal as hard as they want, offering an effective workout, yet they also provide a safety net to help returning riders cycle more safely when further from home. E-bikes are also helpful for taking the edge of off hills, which are one of the biggest obstacles preventing people from picking up biking a fear of cycling up hills.
Ive worked in the e-bike industry for over a decade, and I recently created a list of my top five tips for anyone who wants to get fit and lose weight with the help fo an e-bike. Check them out below:
Choosing the right e-bike is important, and weve previously discussed how to choose your first e-bike.
But dont let decision paralysis stop you. There are hundreds of interesting e-bikes out there. You dont necessarily need to drop $4,000 on a Specialized fitness e-bike (even though its a totally awesome e-bike).
My brother-in-law rocks the pedal assist function on his $1,199 RadRunner utility bike from Rad Power Bikes. Thats definitely not the first bike youd think of for fitness, but it works for him and gets him riding. He doesnt even touch the throttle, opting instead for a low pedal assist level so that he does most of the pedaling work.
Even an $899 Lectric XP would make an awesome e-bike for trail riding, and the pedal assist function would allow you to put in a decent afternoons effort while the bike simply assists you as much (or as little) as necessary.
So dont let yourself get sucked too far down the rabbit hole of comparing every single nut and bolt on every e-bike. Find something that fits you and your budget and get out there and ride!
Pedal-assist, or the ability for the e-bike to multiply your pedaling force, is what makes e-bikes such potent exercise tools for riders that are returning to cycling. And most e-bikes have between four to eight levels of pedal assist, allowing you to fine-tune the amount of extra power provided by the motor.
But I always advise new e-bike riders to avoid using the very lowest or very highest pedal assist setting.
Some riders mistakenly opt for the very lowest level with the goal of getting the best workout, but this can often leave new riders exhausted and in over their heads. The last thing you want is to find yourself totally spent while youre still many miles from home.
On the other hand, the highest pedal assist is often nearly the equivalent of full throttle and usually doesnt result in much of a workout at all. The highest pedal assist level is best for when climbing steep hills and usually isnt appropriate for casual riding on flat ground.
So like most things in life, moderation is key when it comes to pedal-assist. Try starting in the middle, then working down to a lower pedal assist level as your fitness level improves.
It might sound difficult to use your e-bike every day.
But the best way to achieve it is to incorporate your e-bike into your life as a form of transportation, not just as a piece of exercise equipment.
Try to replace as many car trips as you can with your e-bike. If you just need a couple of things from the store, toss on a backpack (or add a pair of panniers) and ride there instead of taking the car.
If youre visiting your friends at the coffee shop, consider riding instead of taking an Uber.
Find any way you can to fit the e-bike into your daily schedule. The more you ride, the more it becomes integrated into your lifestyle.
If you have the option of riding off-road, I highly recommend including it at least occasionally in your rides.
Bike lanes are great for transportation and roads are certainly easier for efficient pedaling, but theres nothing more enjoyable than pedaling down a nature trail with the sights, sounds, and smells of the earth around you.
You dont have to find a crazy, super technical single-track course; in fact, its better if you can ride on a relaxed, easy-going, and flat trail in the beginning. The point isnt to make the ride harder, but rather just to mix it up with a more pleasant atmosphere.
Whether youve got a local beach path, a forest trail, dirt roads, or any other piece of land that hasnt been paved, youll be surprised how big of a difference it can make if youre used to riding on the road.
And anything you can do to make the e-biking experience more relaxed and fun will go a long way towards ensuring that e-biking becomes integrated into your lifestyle and not relegated to the side as just some task that you know you should complete.
Lastly, try and find at least one other person to ride with. It could be a riding group or even just a friend that you convinced to get an e-bike after you discovered how much fun they are.
Riding with others can be another great way to ensure that youre getting out there more often. Both of you will keep each other honest since its harder to blow off a ride when you already told someone youd meet them.
You dont even need to find another e-bike companion.
A good friend of mine is a performance cyclist and we go on rides together all the time. I could never keep up with his fancy (non-electric) gravel bike on my own, but my e-bike helps me pace him and we enjoy rides together on the same trails, even though hes a much stronger cyclist than I am.
My e-bike helps level the playing field and allows us to ride together.
Ultimately, e-biking for exercise and fitness is all about putting in the time so that you can reap the rewards.
For some people, the reward is a lower number on the scale or a few holes down on the belt.
For others, those are just side benefits that accompany the main reward of finding a fun new hobby that brightens their day.
For me, e-biking has become a mixture of fitness, recreation, and transportation. I can do it all on just one e-bike, and I wouldnt have it any other way!
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