Grandparental child care is linked to nearly a 30% increase in childhood overweight and obesity risk, finds a new analysis from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis.
In a study, published online Jan. 22 in Childhood Obesity, researchers discovered that grandparents could impact their grandchildrens waistline in various ways, such as influencing their daily diet and physical activity, as well shaping their grandchildrens perceptions on what represents a healthy lifestyle.
The past decades have witnessed a rapid increase in life expectancy. Older adults are not only living longer but also being healthier and more productive than ever before, said Ruopeng An, assistant professor at the Brown School and lead author. For many, grandparenting is the highlight of their later years, and we observe grandparental care to be more common over time in the U.S. and other parts of the world.
When the Pew Research Center surveyed older people regarding their most valuable experience during aging, 19% of the men and 31% of the women referred to spending time with their grandchildren, An said. Some grandparents offer intensive care for their grandchildren while others offer intermittent assistance. In total, nearly 40% offer some grandchild care, and nearly a third assist with errands, housework or home repairs in the U.S., he said.
Grandparents influence on their grandchildrens growth and development can be profound, An said. Through offering wisdom, teaching traditions, providing guidance and making memories, grandparents are often able to leave behind a legacy that their grandchildren will cherish and benefit lifelong. However, some negative influences from grandparental care may also be present and cannot be overlooked.
An and his co-authors from the University of Michigan, Shanghai University and Overseas Chinese College in Beijing conducted a comprehensive review and data analysis on the scientific literature that studied the relationship between grandparental care and childhood obesity.
In Ans paper, Influence of Grandparental Child Care on Childhood Obesity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, he and his co-authors reviewed a total of 23 studies. Eight studies were conducted in China, five in Japan, three in the United Kingdom, two in the U.S. and one each in five other countries. Twelve studies focused on grandparents roles as a main caregiver in the family and seven on grandparents co-residence.
Affluence and being well fed is valued and desirable to many grandparents as they had experienced hunger and poverty in their youth, which they may pass on to their grandchildren, who, to the opposite, are fighting against a world of food swamps and ever-expanding portion size, An said.
The notion of the bigger the healthier is still relevant, he said. Some grandparents may perceive heavier body weight in children as a sign of being healthy. As such, some children are urged to eat larger and more frequent meals. Some grandparents may provide children with sweets and fried food as a way to show love and kindness. In fact, in some cultures, grandparents may also be more likely to excuse children from doing household chores, a key form of physical activity.
To his surprise, An said, the positive association between grandparental childcare and childhood overweight and obesity was not found to differ between countries.
Grandparental care is long known to have deep cultural roots, he said. Based on Ziarat Hossains research, grandparents in western countries provide care when they are needed and called upon, known as the non-interference approach.
On the other hand, grandparents in Asian and African countries are so active and direct in their grandchilds lives that they sometimes are considered the two additional sets of parents. What underlines the lack of difference in the influence of grandparental care on childhood obesity? No concrete conclusions can be drawn at this moment and future research is needed.
Although meta-analysis identified a positive association between grandparental child care and childhood overweight and obesity, grandparental child care was not associated with childrens Body Mass Index (BMI) z-scores the accepted measure for childhood weight adjusted for age and sex. (A z-score gives an idea of how far from the mean a data point is.)
This is likely due to lack of statistical power given that only four studies included in this review analyzed childrens BMI z-scores. It is also possible that the relationship between grandparental child care and childhood obesity is more complicated than a simple linear relationship, An said.
The impact of grandparenting is multilayered and complex, he said. Through research, we hope to provide scientific support for both grandparents and their grandchildren to make the best out of their precious, bonding relationship.
- Detox Products Market Obesity and Alcohol Addiction to Drive Growth in the Market - TMR Research Blog - March 27th, 2020
- Leptin Levels are Associated with Subclinical Cardiac Dysfunction in O | DMSO - Dove Medical Press - March 27th, 2020
- Wisconsin organization seeks to combat increasing obesity rate - The Badger Herald - March 27th, 2020
- Obesity and stigma: A woman's journey to a healthy lifestyle - The New Times - March 26th, 2020
- COVID-19 Warning: Being Overweight Or Obese Ups Your Risk Of Dying From Coronavirus - International Business Times - March 26th, 2020
- Kallyope Gains $112M to Move Gut-Brain Axis Programs to the Clinic - Xconomy - March 26th, 2020
- America's Obesity Problem, By the Numbers - Oddee - March 26th, 2020
- OBESITY MANAGEMENT MARKET TRENDS, STRONG APPLICATION SCOPE, KEY PLAYERS, GROWTH OVERVIEW AND FORECAST BY 2027 - Packaging News 24 - March 26th, 2020
- Coronavirus and obesity: industry urged to act post-crisis - FoodNavigator.com - March 25th, 2020
- Microbial signatures identified in the liver, adipose tissue and blood of people with obesity and diabetes - Gut Microbiota for Health - March 25th, 2020
- Obesity Rates Increasing in India - Star of Mysore - March 25th, 2020
- Understanding and Solving the Problem of Childhood Obesity - Chiang Rai Times - March 25th, 2020
- Science Proved Drinking Coffee Helps Improve Brain Functioning and Slow Aging. Now Research Shows Coffee Can Also Help You Lose Weight and Body Fat -... - March 25th, 2020
- Disease Connection Answers May Exist within this Arizona Tribe - Michigan Medicine - March 25th, 2020
- Letter: Lets use this as an opportunity to fight obesity - Deseret News - March 25th, 2020
- Higher daily step count linked with lower all-cause mortality - National Institutes of Health - March 25th, 2020
- Your letters to the editor: Treat golf fairly like other activities - Madison.com - March 25th, 2020
- Neuropeptide Y knockdown in the dorsomedial hypothalamus improved basal and obesity-induced decrease in bone mass density. - Physician's Weekly - March 25th, 2020
- Excess Sugar Intake Increases Risk Of Death Irrespective Of Your Weight: Study - NDTV Food - March 25th, 2020
- Dr. HE Obesity Clinic: Weight loss clinic in Turkey - Treatment Abroad - March 25th, 2020
- Overcoming the influences of childhood obesity | Agriculture - Victoria Advocate - March 22nd, 2020
- Walking more linked with lower blood pressure - Medical News Today - March 22nd, 2020
- Heres Why You Should Be Drinking Plenty Of Water During The Coronavirus Lockdown - Forbes - March 22nd, 2020
- Obese Kids More Exposed to Anxiety And Depression - Read The Report - India.com - March 22nd, 2020
- Overweight and obesity among the boys of primary public schools of Baish City in Jazan Province, Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study. - Physician's... - March 21st, 2020
- New research links obesity in childhood to a higher risk of anxiety, depression, and early death - msnNOW - March 21st, 2020
- Technology Is Making Our Youth Stressed, Lonely, Narcissistic And Digitally Obese - Forbes - March 21st, 2020
- Excess sugar may kill you early whether you're obese or not - India New England - March 21st, 2020
- Spine Implant Industry Assessment 2020-2024 - Spike in Obese Population, Growing Number of Spinal Cord Injuries - Yahoo Finance - March 21st, 2020
- HTN-Related Mortality Particularly Dire in the Rural South - MedPage Today - March 21st, 2020
- Indian Food And Beverage Companies Showing Nutrition Commitment - Outlook India - March 21st, 2020
- Consumption of added sugar may lead to early death, but not because it causes obesity - Study - Times Now - March 21st, 2020
- With Dog Obesity Becoming More Prevalent Is A Whole Food Diet The Answer? - Forbes - March 19th, 2020
- Theres Still Only One Effective Treatment For Obesity, And Its Life-Saving - Forbes - March 19th, 2020
- What is the mechanism behind high blood pressure in obesity? - Medical News Today - March 19th, 2020
- Plans to open takeaway pizza shop in Whiston rejected over childhood obesity concerns - St Helens Reporter - March 19th, 2020
- Solving obesity: Could manipulating microbes offer an alternative to weight loss surgery? - ASU Now - March 19th, 2020
- New in bariatric surgery: Saint Anne's Hospital offers region's first robotic-assisted surgery option - Fall River Herald News - March 19th, 2020
- 16.03.2020 Exposure to ozone increases risk of obesity and diabetes - AirQualityNews - March 19th, 2020
- Coronavirus: Severely obese warned they are among people most 'at-risk' from infection - Mirror Online - March 19th, 2020
- TikTok reportedly buried posts from 'ugly, poor, obese and disabled users' - New York Post - March 19th, 2020
- From Starvation to Obesity: Charting the History of Nutrition in America - The Great Courses Daily News - March 19th, 2020
- The takeaway that wants to be healthy by stealth - The Guardian - March 19th, 2020
- The Exercise Training Modulatory Effects on the Obesity-Induced Immuno | DMSO - Dove Medical Press - March 19th, 2020
- Teen health is focus of new weight loss center at Tower Health - Reading Eagle - March 19th, 2020
- Discovered: Why obesity causes high blood pressure -- and potential ways to fix it - Newswise - March 12th, 2020
- Jeremy Clarkson Called Out For His Controversial Comments On Obesity In Column - Grand Tour Nation - March 12th, 2020
- Determinants of overweight/obesity among reproductive age group women in Ethiopia: multilevel analysis of Ethiopian demographic and health survey. -... - March 12th, 2020
- Researchers call for food education curriculum to combat childhood obesity - EducationHQ - March 12th, 2020
- Wonder Women: Rise of the Obesity Warriors - ETHealthworld.com - March 12th, 2020
- What Will Be the Most Costly Medical Conditions In 10 Years? - Managed Healthcare Executive - March 12th, 2020
- This Dietitian Wants to Burn Diet Culture to the Ground - Outside - March 12th, 2020
- Obesity: Reverse This Complex Disease By Having 2 Glasses Orange Juice Everyday - International Business Times - March 12th, 2020
- New app created to tackle child obesity - Derry Now - March 12th, 2020
- Pounds gained in mid-life could later weigh heavily on lungs - Reuters - March 12th, 2020
- Breathing dirty air could boost the risk of obesity, study - Tech Explorist - March 12th, 2020
- Can-Fite Says Preclinical Study Shows That Small Amounts Of CBD Can Help With Obesity - Benzinga - March 12th, 2020
- Loni Love Speaks Out After Backlash Over Comments On Black Womens Eating Habits - News One - March 12th, 2020
- Obesity rates on the rise in Eau Claire, statewide - WQOW TV News 18 - March 11th, 2020
- UVA Discovers Why Obesity Causes High Blood Pressure and Potential Ways to Stop It - University of Virginia - March 11th, 2020
- Free school dinners led to fall in childhood obesity rates - The Guardian - March 11th, 2020
- Miriams Big Fat Adventure review Margolyes chews the fat on obesity - The Guardian - March 11th, 2020
- Starting early is the key to easing the trajectory of childhood obesity, new study finds - The Sector - March 11th, 2020
- 10 Shameful Myths About Fat Women & Obesity You've Probably Always Believed Were True - YourTango - March 11th, 2020
- ANOTHER OPINION: Obesity rate remains long-term health concern - Goshen News - March 11th, 2020
- 'Helping no one': The role we all play in the obesity epidemic - Sydney Morning Herald - March 11th, 2020
- The Unequal Effect of Income on Risk of Overweight/Obesity of Whites and Blacks with Knee Osteoarthritis: the Osteoarthritis Initiative - DocWire News - March 11th, 2020
- Effects Of Obesity Mirrors That Of Aging - Anti Aging News - March 11th, 2020
- Donald Trump Shockingly At Risk For Coronavirus, Called Morbidly Obese Amid Health Fears - International Business Times - March 11th, 2020
- How Mason Jones Overcame Obesity To Nab SEC Co-Player of the Year Honors - Best of Arkansas Sports - March 11th, 2020
- How behavioral health is linked to obesity - WQOW TV News 18 - March 6th, 2020
- World Obesity Day - World Health Organization - March 6th, 2020
- Denver Among U.S. Cities With Lowest Obesity Rates, Study Finds - CBS Denver - March 6th, 2020
- Ending the obesity shame game - American Medical Association - March 6th, 2020
- CrossFit in China? Documentary explores growing trend all over Asia - South China Morning Post - March 6th, 2020
- article image Most overweight and obese cities in the US unveiled - Digital Journal - March 6th, 2020
- CDC: With Obesity Rising, Nearly Half of US Adults Now Obese - EthicsDaily.com - March 6th, 2020
- Opinion: Obesity should be viewed as a disease - Canada.com - March 6th, 2020
- LGBTQ Obesity: We Eat, Therefore We Die - Shepherd Express - March 6th, 2020
- Obesity rates to be tackled by council - Kent Online - March 6th, 2020